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Baltic Sea MPA network

Sea basin


Habitats: coastal/offshore

Single MPA or MPA network

Designation type

 Size (km2)

Baltic Sea


Coastal and offshore

MPA network

National nature reserves and Natura 2000

146 860 km²

Main pressures on the environment


Fishing and Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing



Dredging and dumping

Main Challenges

In the Baltic Sea, there is a need to improve the knowledge around current MPAs and ecological conditions in these areas. Sites also need better management, not only at the individual level but at the scale of the entire network.


Baltic Marine Environment
Protection Commission

Jannica Haldin