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Finland national MPA network

Sea basin


Habitats: coastal/offshore

Single MPA or MPA network

Designation type

 Size (km2)

Baltic Sea


Coastal and offshore

MPA network

National nature reserves and Natura 2000

83 000 km²

Main pressures on the environment



Dredging and dumping

Main Challenges

A crucial challenge for the development of biodiversity-rich MPAs and of conservation measures is reaching an agreement with land-owners, since these areas are often located in privately-owned waters. This process can be very time consuming.


Finnish Environmental Institute

Riku Varjopuro