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Parque Nacional Marinho Fernando de Noronha

Sea basin


Habitats: coastal/offshore

Single MPA or MPA network

Designation type

 Size (km2)

South West Atlantic Ocean



Single MPA

National marine park

109 km²

Main pressures on the environment


Fishing and Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing

Tourism and recreation

Climate change

Best practices from this site

Tourism activities, including the profitable shark-diving, occur alongside small-scale fisheries operated by the local community in some areas of one of the most successful Brazilian MPAs, Fernando de Noronha. In other areas, tourism is the sole beneficiary of ecosystem services given that access by fishers and for fisheries is prohibited.


Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sciences

Bob Rumes